1) “Spelling Test One” – In this type of assessment, students are given a bank of words and told a select few will make it into the formal dictation. Students memorize and retain as many of the words as they can in hopes are getting a good grade.
Pros: Spelling Test One is easy to assess quantitatively. All students write the same dictation. A score is given.
Cons: What is truly being assessed? Retention or spelling? Have students been taught how to memorize – association, colours, songs, acronyms?
2) “Spelling Test Two” – In this type of assessment, students are given words they have never seen before and asked to spell them using speech patterns, phonetics and recognition.
Pros: Spelling Test Two allows students to think critically and creatively as they are working with new words. They are activating prior schematic knowledge in order to make connections to new ideas.
Cons: Assessment. The process of learning will be different for each student. Assessment becomes very subjective as students are not compared to each other on a similar standard.
If my Learning Goals and Success Criteria revolve around teaching students how to study, memorize and retain information then Spelling Test One is a good assessment. But can I use it as a Language mark – or is it Learning Skills? Hmm.
If my Learning Goals and Success Criteria revolve around the process of learning to spell new words, i.e. “Spelling”, then Spelling Test Two is my preferred method of assessment. Can I use this as a Language mark – or is it Learning Skills? Hmm.
To be completely honest, I am only using spelling tests as a trivial example. It could be multiplication tables, historical dates or capital cities. My point is, if we are concerned with the process of learning more so than the product, Spelling Test One has seen better days.
A lot of people have expressed a subjective bias & concern about me bashing worksheets lately. The face value of twitter and people’s predisposition makes me the face of “he says it should be done this way.” The reality is the right tool for the job. I use worksheets. You should too, if it fits. If you are teaching students how to study and retain information, repetitive worksheets might be the right choice. Just consider the final goal – retention or creative problem solving. Also, “worksheets” don’t have to be physical pieces of 8.5 x 11. Digital worksheets can be just as powerful.
Until we have a major assessment reform, Spelling Test One wins. It is easy to implement, easy to assess and people are comfortable with a final score.
Forget the argument of for or against spelling tests and worksheets. Consider what it is you are trying to teach, why you are trying to teach it, the final goal and the appropriate tools to be successful. But if you are personalizing learning, can you really dictate the same tool for everyone? If it is about student choice and voice, let’s expose them to a variety of tools and let them choose what works best.